George P. Shpenkov

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 The First Discovery of the 21st century : Two phenomena - "Relict" background radiation and the Lamb "shifts" - have the same source! (click lamb.asp)

Curriculum Vita

Brief Biography

Discovery & Inventions

Selected Publications
Memorandum RPhS


Dialectical Physics

Dialectical View
Early Papers
Periodic Table
Table of Isotopes
Isotopes of Carbon
Isotopes of Helium


Physical Metric

Table of Objective Dimensionalities
The Physical Metric


Atomic Structure

Anisotropy of Graphene
Carbon and Oxygen
Graphene Nanoribbons
Orbitals (Eng)
Orbitals (Rus)
Electron Spin (Rus)
Electron Spin (Eng)
Virtual Particles (Rus)
Virtual Particles (Eng)
Atomic Nucleus (Rus)
Atomic Nucleus (Eng)
Nature of Gravity (Rus)
Nature of Gravity (Eng)
Planetary Orbits (Rus)
Planetary Orbits (Eng)
Cosmic Background (Rus)
Cosmic Background (Eng)
Neutron Moments (Rus)
Neutron Moments (Eng)
Proton Moments (Rus)
Proton Moments (Eng)
Fundamental Period (Rus)
Fundamental Period (Eng)
Decimal Code (Rus)
Decimal Code (Eng)
Wave Model (Rus)
Wave Model (Eng)



EGF2016, Paris-France
23DGK-2015 Göttingen
ICNAAM-2012 Kos
GR19-2010 Mexico



Family and myself





2.73 K Background

Background Radiation of Hydrogen Atoms

According to the Dynamic Model of elementary particles, the hydrogen atom, as a paired proton-electron system, represents by itself the stable wave system of the longitudinal-transversal structure. The wave exchange (interaction) takes place continuously between the longitudinal (spherical) wave field of the proton and transversal (cylindrical) wave field of the orbiting electron (as is described in the paper On the Spectral Terms of H-atom). This exchange has the dynamically equilibrium character and runs at the frequency .

The stable states of the H-atom form, in such an exafrequency wave field, the spectrum of dynamically stationary states defined by characteristic values of arguments of Bessel functions:

,     where      ,

and generate the Background Spectrum of Zero Level Radiation

(both spectra are described in details in the book Atomic Structure of Matter-Space, 2001), where , , . are Bessel functions; zr,s, zp,m, . are zeros of Bessel functions; the subscripts p, q, r indicate the order of Bessel functions and m, n, s - the number of the root. The last defines the number of the radial shell. Zeros of Bessel functions define the radial shells with zero values of radial displacements (oscillations), i.e., shells of stationary states. The quantity is the constant equal to the oscillation amplitude at the sphere of the wave radius (mp is the proton mass; r0 is the Bohr radius; h is the Planck constant, R is the Rydberg constant).

An estimation of perturbation of the most probable stationary state (n = 1) leads to the following result. The zero of the second kinetic shell is ; hence, at and , we arrive at


This wavelength is within the extremum of the spectral density of black-body radiation of the absolute temperature


where is the fundamental period-quantum. The temperature obtained practically coincides with the temperature of "relict" background measured by NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) to four significant digits ().

The existence of the zero level radiation of H-atoms questions the Big Bang hypothesis of the origin of the Universe (in support of the conclusion made, e.g., by A.K.T. Assis and M.C.D. Neves in their work of 1995) and quantum mechanical probabilistic atomic model, which excludes an electron's orbital motion along a trajectory as a matter of principle.

Learn details




2.73 K Background
h and a Constants
Electron Spin
> Lamb shift
DM as against SM
Neutron Magnetic Moment
Proton Magnetic Moment
Avogadro Constant
Ampere's Law
Hall Effect
Cosmological Redshift
Imaginary Unit


Related Links

Mass-Charge Nature
Binumbers of Dialectics
Fundamental Period
Algebra of Dialectics
Coulomb's Law
Waves and Current



Lecture, Wroslaw-2013
On the Higgs boson
Lecture in WAT
Warsaw, 20.10.06
Gravitational Waves
Strong Interactions
Letter to Karshenboim



Dynamic Model
Electric constant e0


Lectures on
Dialectical Physics

Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3
Volume 4
Volume 5
Volume 6



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2002-2015 George Shpenkov

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