George P. Shpenkov
 

 
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 The First Discovery of the 21st century : Two phenomena - "Relict" background radiation and the Lamb "shifts" - have the same source! (click lamb.asp)

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Avogadro Constant

On the Boltzmann and Avogadro Constants, and the Temperature

 

George P. Shpenkov

 

Academy of Computer Science and Management,

Legionow 81, 43-300 Bielsko-Biala, Poland

shpenkov@janmax.com

March 24, 2008

 

Abstract

 

A new insight into the notion of temperature, originated from the shell-nodal atomic model and the dynamic model of elementary particles, is considered in this paper. We show that a quantum of average energy of a nucleon at the level of the so-called meson frequency w0 is close, in value, to the Boltzmann constant kB. The number of such quanta defines the relative potential-kinetic nucleon energy of a system, equal in value to the absolute temperature. It means that the temperature, as the potential-kinetic energy, according to the revealed peculiarity, is the alternating wave magnitude and is negative for the relative potential energy and positive for the relative kinetic energy. The Boltzmann and Avogadro constants are expressed in new basis through the basic physical constants. Accordingly, we can regard the constants of the resulting values as fundamental.

 

PACS numbers: 03.40.Kf, 03.65.Ge, 11.90.+t, 12.10.-g, 12.90.+b, 14.20.Dh, 14.40.-n, 21.10.Dr, 21.60.-n, 32.10.-f, 44.90.+c

Key words: Absolute temperature, Negative temperature, Associated mass, Exchange charge, Boltzmann constant, Avogadro constant, Atomic structure, Elementary particles, Heat transfer

 


(Full text)

 

Summary

E=m0c2

2.73 K Background
h and a Constants
Neutrino
Electron Spin
> Lamb shift
DM as against SM
Neutron Magnetic Moment
Proton Magnetic Moment
Avogadro Constant
Ampere's Law
Hall Effect
Cosmological Redshift
Imaginary Unit

 

Related Links

Mass-Charge Nature
Binumbers of Dialectics
Fundamental Period
Algebra of Dialectics
Coulomb's Law
Waves and Current

 

Miscellaneous

Lecture, Wroslaw-2013
On the Higgs boson
Lecture in WAT
Warsaw, 20.10.06
Letter-to-IJTP
Gravitational Waves
Strong Interactions
Letter to Karshenboim

 

Videos

Dynamic Model
Electric constant e0
WaveModelDiscoveries
FundPhysProblems
Nucleus
CosmRedShift

 

Lectures on
Dialectical Physics

Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3
Volume 4
Volume 5
Volume 6

 


 

 
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